Court fines are costs that the court itself imposes as either all or part of your punishment. Court fees can be ordered in addition to jail time, or as a condition of your release. Failure to pay court fines can result in incarceration. Restitution is ordered as a repayment to the victim in the case. Although restitution is most commonly used to order re-payment in theft or embezzlement cases, it can also be ordered in cases where a victim or their property is harmed. It is not uncommon for a judge to order both court fines and restitution.